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For economic reasons, Nuclear Power Plants (NPPs) are usually operated to provide base load power, i.e. to operate constantly at maximum or close to maximum output. Contrary to the widespread impression that large-scale nuclear power stations are inflexible, NPPs are in many cases technically able to serve the demand of load following (LF) operation as well as frequency control of the transmission grid, which is particularly useful and necessary in countries with a high share of renewable power generation. LF operation has been performed in Germany and France (and other countries outside of Europe, for example the U.S.) for several decades now, subject always full safety assessment and the approval of the national safety regulator.