Nuclear Cogeneration Industrial Initiative



The nuclear cogeneration concept: providing heat and power to industrial applications

The objective of the European Nuclear Cogeneration Industrial Initiative (NC2I) is to demonstrate an innovative and competitive energy solution for the low-carbon cogeneration of heat and electricity based on nuclear energy. The targeted outcome is the commissioning within 10 years of a nuclear cogeneration prototype to deploy this low-carbon energy technology in several energy-intensive industries.

Although strong efforts have been made by the European industry to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, industrial cogeneration remains heavily dependent on fossil fuels and emits around 700 MtCO2 every year in Europe. The price of fossil fuels and their insecurity of supply, as well as carbon taxation, has put a considerable risk on the European industry, especially for the energy-intensive sectors exposed to fierce global competition.

Nuclear cogeneration is an innovative energy solution for decreasing CO2 emissions and securing the energy supply of European industries. It is part of the EU’s Strategic Energy Technology Plan (SET-Plan) as a key low-carbon technology:

“The first cogeneration reactors could also appear within the next decade as demonstration projects to test the technology for coupling with industrial processes” (COM (2009) 519).

NC2I targets all non-electric applications of nuclear energy for lower temperature applications such as seawater desalination or district heating; and higher temperature industrial applications such as chemicals production, oil refining, hydrogen production or advanced steelmaking. The latter require higher temperature output which can be provided by the High Temperature gas-cooled Reactor, or HTR.

Nuclear cogeneration worldwide

Low temperature nuclear cogeneration is a reality in several European countries, e.g. for district heating or paper industry in Slovakia, Hungary, Switzerland and Norway.

Several EU countries such as Poland and The Netherlands have expressed at ministerial level their support for further development of nuclear high temperature cogeneration. Poland, currently a heavy consumer of coal, is financing the national project HTRPL paving the way for the demonstration of HTR cogeneration in the country to decrease its CO2 emissions and to enhance its competitiveness. Europe has a forefront competency in HTR technology that it can transform into a global leadership, re-invigorating both its nuclear and energy-intensive industries.

HTR technology is subject to a worldwide interest. They were successfully proven in Germany, the UK and the US, and test reactors are currently operated in Japan and China. China is also building an HTR demo plant to be commissioned in the next years.

In the US, the Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP) programme targets an objective of licensing an HTR first-of-a-kind in the next decade. The NGNP Industry Alliance gathers industrial companies interested in the technology. In 2014, the NC2I and NGNP Alliance have established a transatlantic cooperation framework called GEMINI.
NC2I Conference 14-15 September 2015 (click to open)


About the Task Force

To prepare for NC2I, a Task Force has been set up under the auspices of SNETP. The Task Force brings together technology developers, utilities, engineering companies and research institutions.

To assist and advise the NC2I Task Force on crucial issues such as energy requirements or financing solutions, a Business Group is set up to gather industrial actors from energy-intensive industries, utilities, engineering companies, banks and investors, and more generally all stakeholders potentially interested in the future prospects of nuclear cogeneration technology. Typical contributions include advice on energetic consumption data, system requirements, market inputs, and financing models.

In September 2015, Grzegorz Wrochna from the Polish national centre for nuclear research (NCBJ) was elected Chairman of NC2I, replacing Kajetan Rozycki. Marek Tarka, IMS & Marketing Manager at Polish chemical engineering firm Prochem, and Harri Tuomisto, leader of Nuclear Safety Oversight at Finnish utility Fortum, are Vice-Chairmen of the Task Force since January 2014.


Download the "NC2I Business Group Terms of Reference" here.

The NC2I Task Force is open to SNETP members only. To join the NC2I Task Force or Business Group, please contact the SNETP Secretariat at:

The list of current members is presented below.


Areva is dedicated to the design and the construction of nuclear power plants, from the design and manufacturing of their components, fuel and instrumentation to their maintenance and repairs. Areva is mainly focused on Pressurised Water Reactors (PWR) and Boiling Water Reactors (BWR), but is also involved in the development of Generation IV systems, HTR and Sodium Fast Reactors (SFR). Areva has built about 100 nuclear plants that provide about 30% of the world's total installed nuclear power capacity.


AGH is the University of Science and Technology located in Cracow. It is one of the largest technical universities of Poland. The main faculties devoted to nuclear engineering and energy technology are the Faculty of Physics and Applied Computer Science and the Faculty of Energy and Fuels. They cover wide range of research fields including high energy physics and applied nuclear techniques to reactor physics.


The principal mission of the Research organisation Centrum vyzkumu Rez (CVR) is to perform applied R&D in energy and neutron physics as well as act as Czech Technical Safety Organisation (TSO). For this reason it operates two research reactors located in Rez (10 MW LWR-15 and zero power reactor LR-0) and 2 loops devoted to advanced reactors R&D (supercritical water and high temperature helium loop). CVR represents the Czech Republic in the Executive Committee of European Energy Research Alliance (EERA).


E.ON is one of the world's largest investor-owned power and gas companies with facilities across Europe, Russia, and North America. The company operates six nuclear power stations in the German states of Bavaria, Lower Saxony and Schleswig-Holstein, and owns share in a further five. The net installed capacity of their portfolio of plants totals about 8,560MW. In 2010, E.ON generated just on 63 billion kilowatt-hours of base-load electricity. E.ON’s diversified business consists of renewables, conventional and dezentralized power generation, natural gas, energy trading, retail and distribution.


Fortum's activities cover the generation, distribution and sales of electricity and heat. Fortum provides sustainable solutions that fulfill the needs for low emissions, resource-efficiency and energy security. Fortum's operations focus on the Nordic countries, Russia, Poland and Baltic Rim area.

JRC-Institute for Energy and Transport

The JRC-Institute for Energy and Transport provides scientific and technical support for the conception, development, implementation and monitoring of community policies related to energy. JRC-IET carries out research (laboratory and desk top) in the fields of clean and sustainable energies addressing both nuclear and non-nuclear domains.


NCBJ is one of the largest institute in Poland. NCBJ research includes nuclear and non-nuclear energy production, energy-related ecology, radiation protection, radioactive waste management, material sciences, nuclear methods of condensed matter physics and model for risk assessment for industrial and nuclear installations. The entre's strategic tasks involve supporting Polish nuclear power programme, conducting basic research in physics in collaboration with world leading laboratories and constructing high-tech devices for research, industry and medicine.


NRG is the nuclear centre of competence in the Netherlands. NRG develops knowledge, processes and products for safe applications of nuclear technology in energy, environment and health. This includes products, services and technologies for safe and economic operation of existing nuclear power plants and future sustainable nuclear energy systems.


PROCHEM is one of Poland's largest and most renowned engineering companies with operations both at home and abroad. PROCHEM provides a full range of services for investment projects from pre-investment activities to design, project management, project supervision, procurement and contracting. PROCHEM operates in three key sectors: industrial plants and installations, environmental protection and public buildings.

To prepare for the commissioning of a nuclear cogeneration prototype, a number of European projects have been carried out since the early 2000s. Following on from a cluster of smaller European HTR research projects, the larger RAPHAEL and ARCHER projects have integrated the various R&D tracks (fuel & fuel cycle, safety, materials, components, coupling and system integration). Visit the ARCHER website.

The EUROPAIRS project (2009-2011) has defined the boundary conditions for nuclear cogeneration, in terms of nuclear and industrial safety, economic viability, market analysis, and licensing requirements. Results were presented at an Open Workshop in 2011 (read here).

Launched in 2013, the NC2I-R project supports the NC2I initiative with strengthened international cooperation, business modelling / financing options, a Europe-wide analysis of industrial sites, and a survey on lessons learned from lower-temperature nuclear cogeneration projects worldwide. It is expected to deliver a set of generic requirements which can in turn be used as a basis for a specific design programme.

As an alternative to fossil fuel for different industries, nuclear cogeneration is also looking at future applications, such as new hydrogen production, advanced steelmaking & chemical processes, which are expected to appear in the next 10 to 20 years. The NC2I vision offers synergies with roadmaps from related European Technology Platforms such as ESTEP (steelmaking), SusChem (sustainable chemistry) or FCH-JU (hydrogen).

NC2I aims at the commissioning of a cogeneration prototype to produce heat and electricity for different industries within ten years.




NC2I is currently supported by the NC2I-R (Research) European project which ends in September 2015. NC2I-R gathers more than twenty partners including technology developers, research institutions, utilities, safety organisations and engineering companies.

The strategic objective of NC2I-R is to structure the European public and private capabilities for preparing a nuclear cogeneration demonstrator programme. To this end, NC2I-R will:
  • Identify clearly the status of Europe’s public and private R&D infrastructures and competences.
  • Define the safety requirements to prepare for the future licensing process for a cogeneration demonstrator and limit the associated risk.
  • Define clear and consensual specifications for the demonstrator, ensuring its economic viability, its market fit, its future replicability and its safety, in particular for the coupling scheme, and limiting all construction project risks.
  • Managing the knowledge from past projects on HTR and nuclear cogeneration with a comprehensive experience feedback in order to identify potential points of attention and success factors.
  • Prepare a joint roadmap paving the way for today’s European R&D capacities towards the commissioning of the specified demonstrator and identify potential gaps.
  • Prepare for and organise the cooperation with non-European similar programmes to possibly share the demonstrator risk in line with the European interest and to secure EU’s leadership position in the global competition for HTR.
  • Prepare a smooth and inclusive governance for the future of NC2I, engaging all stakeholders including civil society.


NC2I has built on the EUROPAIRS project that ended in March 2011. The main goal of EUROPAIRS was the identification of possible operating windows for the combined system of an (V)HTR connected to industrial processes. To this end, market needs and technical requirements were identified as well as safety issues. The project also initiated a dialogue between the nuclear and heat-intensive industries (e.g. Air Liquide, Solvay, ArcelorMittal, Saipem, etc.), which established the starting point to activate the Business Group (see Governance section).


The purpose of the ARCHER project is to extend the state-of-the-art European (V)HTR technology basis, with generic technical effort in support of nuclear cogeneration demonstration. The partner consortium consists of representatives of conventional and nuclear industries, utilities, Technical Support Organisations, R&D institutes and universities. They jointly propose generic efforts on:
  • System integration assessment of a nuclear cogeneration unit coupled to industrial processes
  • Critical safety aspects of the primary and coupled system
  • Essential HTR fuel and fuel back end R&D
  • Coupling component development
  • High temperature material R&D
  • Nuclear cogeneration knowledge management, training and communication
The activities proposed are imbedded in the international framework via Generation IV International Forum (GIF), direct collaboration within the project with international partners (US, China, Japan, and the republic of Korea) and cooperation with IAEA and ISTC.


SYNKOPE (in German only)

As an example for German-based research in HTR technology, SYNKOPE is one of the two projects (with STAUB II) that have recently been initiated by the Institute of Power Engineering at the Technical University of Dresden. The project SYNKOPE, funded by the Saxonian regional government and supported by E.ON was launched in August 2012 for 2.5 years. The objective of SYNKOPE is to implement nuclear process heat in chemical processes for the refining of regional coal resources. Four institutions with the lead of TU Dresden cooperate in developing and optimising the necessary technology with respect to HTR safety, adaption of a suitable chemical process and regional infrastructure.


STAUB-II is the second project (with SYNKOPE) initiated by the Institute of Power Engineering at the Technical University of Dresden, Germany.The project, funded by the German Ministry of Economics and Technology, started in August 2012 for 3 years. STAUB-II is concerned with the nuclear safety of HTR systems, in particular with dust particle transport phenomena during Loss-of-Coolant-Accidents (LOCA). During the project, experiments are conducted on a newly built high-temperature helium test facility for the subsequent enhancement and validation of state-of-the-art particle simulations.

HTRPL (in Polish only)

This Polish project HTRPL works towards the Development of high temperature reactors for idustrial applications. It was launched in September 2012 for 2.5 years by the National Research and Development Center (NCBiR) in Poland in the framework of the strategic programme "Technologies that support the development of safe nuclear power". The HTRPL project is implemented by a consortium of research and industrial partners:
  • AGH University of Science and Technology, leader of the project
  • NCBJ, INS, GIG, IChPW, PS, UW, PSSE - universities and research institutions (including nuclear, fertiliser & coal processing R&D)
  • PROCHEM S.A. - engineering company
  • KGHM PM S.A. - energy intensive industry
  • TAURON PE S.A. - power plant operator (utility)
The main objective of HTRPL is to strengthen scientific and technical potential necessary in the implementation of a nuclear power programme in Poland. To this end, specific tasks have been identified:
  • Analysis of the prospects for implementation of HTR in Poland in the near future, including the design, construction and commissioning of the first installation as well as safety issues
  • Theoretical studies in physics and nuclear engineering of HTR
  • Development of guidelines for the technologies that are necessary for the efficient and safe coupling between nuclear and industrial installations.

Preparations of Gemini+ Project
August 2016 In line with the strategy defined with the NGNP Industry Alliance in the GEMINI Initiative, the Gemini+ Project approach is based on the assumption that modular HTGR technology is sufficiently mature for designing directly the FOAK industrial system to be used for high temperature nuclear cogeneration, without any need for an intermediate step, with the development and operation of a technology “demonstrator” considered for other Generation IV systems. What is still to be demonstrated is the viability of use of such an industrial HTGR system in a cogeneration mode, for supplying heat to industrial processed on top of power generation. Therefore, an international consortium, composed of over 20 members, is finalising the project proposal to be submitted under the Horizon 2020 programme by 7 October 2016.

HTR in Polish Strategy for Sustainable Development
29 July 2016 The Polish government published recently a strategic document underlining the role of nuclear in the country’s modernisation. The “Strategy for Sustainable Development“ also known as “Morawiecki-Plan“, named after the Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Economic Development, Mateusz Morawiecki, is a detailed plan for the economic development of Poland. Among the projects of strategic priority, it enumerates the nuclear cogeneration programme with an HTR project for energy efficiency and diversification (in addition to the basic programme for LWR of 6000 MWe in total), and nuclear materials laboratory NOMATEN. The Plan is currently in consultation phase, nevertheless granting ministerial support to HTR will allow to speed up the work on the implementation of this technology in Poland.

Establishment of Minister of Energy’s Advisory Committee for HTR in Poland
20 July 2016 Krzysztof Tchórzewski, Polish Energy Minister, has established an Advisory Committee that will analyse and prepare the conditions for the implementation of high-temperature nuclear reactors in Poland. The first Committee meeting was held on 20 July and involved an official nomination for committee experts coming from the National Centre for Nuclear Research, Energoprojekt-Warszawa S.A. or Prochem S.A. Under the presidency of Prof. Grzegorz Wrochna from NCBJ, they are expected to produce a roadmap for the most efficient use of national scientific and business potential in this enterprise as well as an analysis of the market potential of the implementation of this technology, its production and distribution.
More information

Signature of intention letter between NCBJ and U-Battery
24-25 May 2016 As Polish scientists are considering a project to deploy in Świerk a new generation research HTGR reactor, an intention letter was signed between the U-Battery British Consortium (grouping several companies including URENCO, AMEC FW, ATKINS, Cammell-Laird, Laing O’Rourke) represented by Dominic Kieran, URENCO CEO and Professor Krzysztof Kurek, NCBJ Director General, during the visit of the Polish Ministry of Energy Officials in the UK. U-Battery is a micro-modular reactor that is being developed to produce local power and heat for a range of energy needs, including but not limited to energy intensive industries and isolated locations. NCBJ and U-Battery have agreed to investigate the potential for U-Battery in the Polish market.
More information: NCBJ is considering a project to deploy HTGR research reactor in Świerk
More information: NCBJ experts in Minister of Energy’s Advisory Committee

Poland-UK HTR talks
24-25 May 2016 For the first time, a possible common Poland-UK SMR/HTR project was discussed at the ministerial level during the visit of the Secretary of State Amber Rudd from the UK’s Department of Energy and Climate Change in Warsaw, on 17 February 17 2016.
During a following visit in the UK in May, Deputy Ministers of Energy Michał Kurtyka and Andrzej Piotrowski met with Secretary of State Amber Rudd and her team from DECC in order to discuss the details of the project. The Polish delegation described its experiences in implementing high-temperature nuclear reactor technology and Polish plans for nuclear energy, as well as emphasised the need for further bilateral cooperation.
The Polish delegation also met with the representatives of the British nuclear industry, including URENCO, AMEC Foster Wheeler, Rolls-Royce, U-Battery or National Nuclear Laboratory.
More information: NCBJ experts in Minister of Energy’s Advisory Committee


NC2I Information Session
Date: 30 November 2016
Location: Bratislava, Slovakia
The “NC2I Information session” following the sixth SNETP General Assembly during the SET Plan conference aims to provide the update on latest progresses in the technical field and strategic interactions with international counterparts. All SNETP members representatives are invited to the session.
More information coming soon

8th International Topical Meeting on High Temperature Reactor Technology in Las Vegas
Date: 6-10 November 2016
Location: Caesars Palace, Las Vegas, NV
The Meeting is the sole international conference focused on high-temperature gas-cooled reactor including heat application technology. HTR2016 aims to accelerate research and development on HTGR and heat application technologies. The conference and technical sessions are intended to enable the practical use of HTGR systems and will discuss and provide information exchange on the latest results on associated technologies and future perspectives and plans.
More on HTR in Las Vegas

Small Modular Reactor UK Summit in London
Date: 18-19 October 2016
Location: The Waldorf Hilton, Aldwych, Westminster Borough, London, UK
The second annual SMR UK Summit will gather around 200 senior decision makers and industry experts in London. This year’s edition will constitute an opportunity to hear from the likes of BEIS and the Environment Agency as they outline the government’s progress and objectives for the UK SMR industry, to meet with the leading UK and international SMR vendors, or to examine the cutting edge Generation IV reactor designs.
More on SMR UK

European Nuclear Conference 2016 in Warsaw
Date: 9-13 October 2016
Location: Sofitel Warsaw Victoria, Krolewska 11, Warsaw, Poland
NC2I will be present at the European Nuclear Conference held this year in Warsaw. During the first day’s Plenary Session Dominique Hittner from French LGI Consulting will deliver a speech on “a US/EU joint effort to demonstrate industrial high temperature nuclear cogeneration with HTGR technology”. On Wednesday, together with Prof. Grzegorz Wrochna from NCBJ, they will chair the morning session on “High Temperature Reactors & Co-generation”.
ENC 2016 preliminary programme
For further information, please contact:

Grzegorz Wrochna (NCBJ)
Chairman of the NC2I Task Force

Marek Tarka
Vice-Chairman of the NC2I Task Force

Harri Tuomisto
Vice-Chairman of the NC2I Task Force

To join NC2I, please contact the SNETP Secretariat at: Email